How The Panels Work

July 13, 2017

Because it's clean energy, it helps take care of the environment and in the long run, it saves you money, you probably want to go solar.  But if you are like most people, you want to be sure first you know how the panels work, right?

And that's what I'm going to give you in this article. I will be discussing how solar panels work in the most simplified and easy to understand way so more people will get it!

Now read on and let this article help you decide in getting your solar panels.

How the Panels Work

If you are interested in going solar then you may be wondering exactly how solar panels work. The simple explanation is that they harvest the heat produced by the Sun and then convert that into electricity for our use. Of course, it's a bit more complicated than that, and a more detailed explanation will follow below. Once you understand how solar panels work hopefully that will help you in your decision-making process as you realize that going solar makes sense for a number of reasons.


Simplified Explanation of How Solar Panels Work

The backbone of every solar panel is solar cells. Solar cells are composed of two layers of a semiconductor which is usually crystallized silicone. The silicone used has impurities added to it in a process called doping. This is done because pure silicone crystal is not a good conductor of electricity. But when there are impurities present, and it is used in two layers, then it becomes an excellent conductor of electricity. The way this is done is the bottom layer normally has impurities of boron added to it, while the top layer as impurities of phosphorus added to it.

When sunlight enters the top of a solar cell it knocks electrons loose from each layer of the cell. Because the layers of cells are oppositely charged it causes electrons to only flow in one direction. Then the solar cell is connected to an external circuit which provides a path for the electrons to flow through, which is how electricity is transferred from the solar cell to your home for use.

The solar cells that produce electricity are arranged into large panels. These panels are then connected to a power grid, usually via a special electric meter. This is necessary because in many cases a solar power system will produce more electricity at certain points of the day than the homeowner needs. This extra electricity is then fed back into the power grid, and in return, the homeowner is given credit for that electricity. Then when the Sun sets, or at any other point that the home needs more electricity than their solar system can provide, these credits are first used to pay for the power needed.

Check this video out to learn more on how solar panels work


What to Do After You Decide to Go Solar

When you make the decision to go solar, the company you hire to install solar panels in your home should come out to your home and put together a proposal for you. This proposal will take into account how much electricity you are currently using so that they can design a system to cover as much of your power needs as possible. With any luck, they will be able to design a system that will actually cover 100% of your electricity needs, which means you will only have to pay the power company a small monthly fee to remain connected to the power grid.

Of course, it should be mentioned that this is a simplified explanation of how solar panels work, and if you really want to understand everything about them you are going to have to spend some time learning about them. The idea here was to present a basic understanding so that you can make an informed decision and you know exactly what you are agreeing to when you put a solar power system on your roof.

The Author | Jon Darlington
Jon is a father of two young boys and is happily married to his wife of 7 years. They live in Laguna Hills, Ca and love taking walks through Nellie Gail Ranch. View More Post from Jon Darlington